How often have you seen a dementia or Alzheimer’s patient stand still with a blank look on his/her face? Remember the time when your baby looked at an individual dead still, trying to remember and recognize who the individual was? Did you read the brain study which linked language ability to movement?
As we try to understand the world better, the evidence increasingly shows that memory and movement may be 2 sides of the same coin. Every time memory fails, it is reflected in movement (or lack of it), and every time we become sedentary and slow physically, it seems to take a toll on memory, especially short-term memory. For example, we know that people who have slow walking speed also seem to report problems with memory and cognition and vice versa.
While neuroscience has made it a mandate to study the human brain using modern day imaging and sensing tools, it has neglected to study movement concurrently. This is contrary to scientific evidence emerging in other fields, particularly developmental biology, movement science, and medical research into aging. In trying to unlock the secrets to restoration and maintenance of memory and executive control, brain science finds the waters getting murkier the deeper they dive into the neuron architecture of the brain. Unexpectedly, better resolution in imaging is causing deeper mysteries to emerge. One such example is how do we imagine a “rest” state for a human being? And if such a state is poorly defined, how do we identify a typical “active” state? Do they look the same in different people? If not, then what should we use as a baseline reference? At the moment, neuroscience, in spite of tremendous progress over the past 1 to 2 decades, is still struggling with these very basic questions.
For more than 2500 years, the study of movement and mind has taken shape as tai chi and qigong literature in the Far East. Intermingled several centuries ago with yoga and Taoist practices, Chinese martial arts offer a strikingly simple insight into some of the modern day questions and present day evidence base about the brain. It supports the principles of modern day developmental biology, which state that the fingertips and the use of limbs are powerful tools to train the spatio-temporal capabilities of the brain. It also highlights the necessity of relaxation, a vertical spine (read posture), and a firm positioning and stability on the ground as necessary conditions to speed up brain-based learning, including memory. This aligns well with cutting-edge research into the challenges of dyslexia and autism, where such modalities are being increasingly adopted, albeit in a fractured manner.
Anyone who has practiced movement practices such as tai chi will vouch that it has far-reaching effects on health, vitality, and the aging process. Modern day research would do well to explore further how movement can solve present day memory problems in the elderly (apart from the obvious cardiovascular benefits) and how such training in earlier life stages can delay or reverse these memory problems that we have come to associate commonly with the onset of old age. Studies with the SynPhNe technology in Singapore and India are already providing the initial evidence of this intimate association.